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Monday, May 20, 2013

Historical Figures Largest Islamic Organization in Indonesia

Kyai Haji Hasyim Asy'arie Born: 10 April 1875 Gedang village, District Diwek, Jombang, East Java Died: 7 September 1947 Jombang, East Java Known as founder of Nahdlatul Ulama and National Hero Shaykh Hadratusy title Substitute K.H. A. Wahab Hasbullah Islamic religion Nyai pair Nafiqoh Nyai Masruroh Children Hannah, Khoiriyah, Aisha, Azzah, Abdul Wahid, Abdul Hakim (Abdul Kholiq), Abdul Karim, Ubaidullah, Mashurroh, Muhammad Yusuf Abdul Qadir, Fatimah, Chotijah, Muhammad Ya'qub Kyai Haji Mohammad Hashim Asy'arie - the back is also often spelled or Ashari Ash'ari (born in the village of Gedang, District Diwek, Jombang, East Java, 10 April 1875 - died in Jombang, East Java, July 25, 1947 at the age of 72 years; 4 Jumada al-Awwal 1292 H-6 Ramadan 1366 H; buried in Cane Ireng, Jombang) is the founder of Nahdlatul Ulama, the largest Islamic mass organizations in Indonesia. Among Islamic scholars Nahdliyin and he dubbed as a means Hadratus Sheikh guru. Table of contents • 1 Family • 2 Education • 3 Struggle • 4 work and thoughts • 5 Library • 6 See also Family KH Hasyim Asyari is the third son of 10 children [1]. His father named Kyai Asyari, leader of the Hard boarding school located in south Jombang. His mother named Halima. While the tenth brother, among others: Nafi'ah, Ahmad Saleh, Radiah, Hassan, Anis, Fatanah, Maimunah, infallible, Nahrawi and Adnan. Based on maternal lineage, KH. Hasyim has a good lineage of Sultan Pajang Jaka Tingkir also have children to Hindu Majapahit king, King Brawijaya V (Lembupeteng). Here's pedigree by KH. Hashim Asya'ari based maternal keturanan line: Halimah Muhammad Hasyim son daughter daughter Layyinah Sihah Putra Abdul Jabar Ahmad son of Prince Sambo's son's son's son Joko Pengeran Benowo Tingkir (Mas Karebet) son of Prabu Brawijaya V (Lembupeteng) [2] Education KH Hasyim Asyari learning the basics of the religion of his father and grandfather, who is also the leader Kyai Uthman Nggedang boarding school in Jombang. Since the age of 15, he ventured studying at various schools, including boarding Wonokoyo in Probolinggo, Pesantren Langitan in Tuban, boarding school in Semarang Trenggilis, boarding school and boarding school Kademangan in Bangkalan Siwalan in Sidoarjo. In 1892, KH Hasyim studying Asyari go to Mecca, and sit under Sheikh Ahmad Khatib Minangkabau, Mahfudh at-Tarmisi Sheikh, Sheikh Ahmad Amin Al-Attar, Shaykh Ibrahim Arab, Said Sheikh Yamani, Sheikh Rahmaullah, Sholeh Bafadlal Sheikh, Sayyid Abbas Maliki, Syed Alwi bin Ahmad As-Saqqaf, and Sayyid Husayn al-Ethiopia. In Makkah, originally K.H. Hasyim study under Shaykh bimgingan Mafudz of Termas (Kediri) which is the first scholar from Indonesia who teaches Sahih Bukhari in Makkah. Shaykh Mafudz are scholars of hadith and it is so interesting to learn KH Hasyim so on his return to Indonesia, he was very well-known boarding schools in the teaching of the science of hadith. He obtained a diploma directly from Shaykh Mafudz to teach Sahih Bukhari, Sheikh Mahfouz where a receiver last heir of the linkage (isnad) tradition from generation 23 recipients of this work. [3]. In addition to studying hadith he also learned tassawuf (Sufi) to explore the Qadiri Order and Naqsyabandiyah. KH. Hasyim also studied Shafi'i fiqh madhhab under the tutelage of Shaykh Ahmad Katib of Minangkabau who is also an expert in the field of astronomy (astronomy), mathematics (arithmetic), and algebra. In the study on the Shaykh Ahmad Katib is Kyai Hasyim learn Tafsir al-manar monumental works of Muhammad Abduh. In principle, he admired the rationality of thought Abduh but disagree with the derision traditionalist ulama Abduh. Her teacher who else is included famous scholars of Banten which habitation in the Makkah al-Nawawi Banteni. While teachers are not of the archipelago include Shata Shaikh and Shaikh Dagistani which is a well-known scholars of the time [4]. Struggle In 1899, on his return from Mecca, KH Hasyim Asyari founded Pesantren Tebu Ireng, which would become the largest and most important pesantren in Java in the 20th century. In 1926, KH Hasyim Asyari be one of initiators of the founding of Nadhlatul Ulama (NU), which means resurrection scholars.


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